SARS-CoV-2 Epidemiological Profiling and One-health Approaches in Mitigating COVID-19 Pandemic



S Tamta1, Vinodh Kumar OR1, *, R Karthikeyan1, Shiv Varan singh1, Dubal ZB2, Sinha DK1, Singh BR1, K Dhama3, YS Malik4, 5, *
1 Division of Epidemiology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly- 243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Division of Veterinary Public Health, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly- 243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly- 243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Division of Biological Standardization, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly- 243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India
5 College of Animal Biotechnology, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (GADVASU), Ludhiana141004, Punjab, India

Abstract

Out of 1415 pathogen of humans 175 are responsible to cause emerging diseases and 132 (75%) are zoonotic whereas 13% of the diseases are categorized as emerging or re-emerging. Emerging novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) is one of them responsible for causing agriculturally and economically momentous diseases in both humans and animals. Recently, a novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) induced highly infectious pneumonic disease has spread worldwide with a serious socio-economic effect in all walks of life. This review presents the Understanding of epidemiological characteristics of the Covid-19 pandemic related with host, agent, and environment with transmission and spread of the disease for better prevention of the COVID-19. The inclination of these viruses to spill over between different species and to find out the number of reservoir of coronaviruses in an entirely new host to create infection are of emerging importance. The understanding of disease pattern will potentiate our expertise to alert how, when and where the potential epidemic will establish. One health approaches involve co-operation from all the sectors including health care (medical and veterinary), environmental, pharmaceutical, educational, research, police and administration to combat the COVID-19 pandemic and to reduce public health threat.

Keywords: COVID-19, Epidemiology, Transmission, One –health approach.


Abstract Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2021
Volume: 15
Publisher Item Identifier: EA-TOVJ-2020-9

Article History:

Electronic publication date: 07/4/2021
Collection year: 2021

© 2021 Tamta et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Division of Biological Standardization, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly- 243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India and College of Animal Biotechnology, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (GADVASU), Ludhiana141004, Punjab, India; E-mail: malikyps@gmail.com (Y.S.M)